xperts at Columbia University of the Environment said that changes in climatic conditions on the planet negatively affect the vineyards
Experts at Columbia University of the Environment said that changes in climatic conditions on the planet negatively affect the vineyards. Throughout the world, due to rising air temperatures and changes against this background, the area of land suitable for growing grapes has decreased several times. A new study shows that viticulture can be preserved, but only in cases where grape varieties are replaced.
For example, in France, the average loss is up to 22 percent, but with the revival of other varieties, the increase in area can reach 25 percent. One of the key factors that will become the path to sustainable development of viticulture is the variety of varieties.
Experts calculated that if the air temperature on the planet rises by two degrees, this will lead to the fact that the area of territories suitable for growing grapes will be reduced to 56 percent of the current area. With four degrees of global warming, vineyard area is reduced by 85 percent. The planet will lose vineyards and as a result, producers will not be able to make good wine.
But scientists have already outlined a program of adaptation to new conditions. First of all, it is associated with a change in cultivated varieties that are more actively adapting to new climatic conditions.
Grapes are extremely sensitive to changes in temperature, especially early ripe varieties such as pinot noir, from which the best wine in the world is obtained.
Scientists assure that the variety of varieties will be able to preserve the vineyards. You can choose from more than 1100 different varieties that are able to grow in a variety of conditions.